Rotterdam Convention (2004)

The Rotterdam Convention creates legally binding obligations for the implementation of the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure. It was built on the voluntary PIC procedure, initiated by United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in 1989, and ceased on 24 February, 2004.
The Rotterdam Convention covers pesticides and industrial chemicals that have been banned or severely restricted for human health safety and/or environmental reasons which have been notified by the Parties for inclusion within the PIC procedure. If there is any indication of a specific chemical posing harm to either humans and/or the environment, an initiation will be made regarding the consideration of that chemical being added to the Annex III section of the Convention. This also includes the use of severely hazardous pesticides within developing and economically transitioning countries being added to Annex III.


  • Strengthening control over the international trade of dangerous substances.

  • Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure: Exchanging of information for indicating the shared common responsibility and encouraging the cooperation of signatories in order to protect human health and the environment.

  • Promotion of the shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm.

  • Contribution to the use of environmentally sound methods when dealing with hazardous chemicals by: facilitating the exchange of information about their characteristics, providing a national decision-making process for the proper techniques to safely import and export hazardous chemicals, and propagating these decisions to the Parties.
    The Rotterdam Convention was adopted on 10 September, 1998 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Rotterdam, Netherlands and became active by 24 February, 2004.

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