Minamata Convention (2013)

The Minamata Convention on Mercury is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. The agreement was established at the fifth session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee in Geneva, Switzerland on 19 January, 2013. The major highlights of the Minamata Convention on Mercury include the banning of new mercury mines, the phasing-out of existing ones, control measures on air emissions, and the international regulation of the informal sector for artisanal and small-scale gold mining. The Convention draws attention to a global and ubiquitous metal that, while occurring naturally, has broad uses in everyday objects and is released into the atmosphere, soil and water from various sources. Controlling the anthropogenic releases of mercury throughout its lifecycle has been a key factor in shaping the responsibilities that were established under the Convention.
(Source: the official convention website, see the link below)

Objectives:

  • The protection of human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and the release of mercury and mercury-based compounds.

  • The restriction of the hazardous impacts of mercury and a radical reduction of mercury emissions.

  • Substitution of the products containing mercury including e.g. thermometers, blood pressure meters, energy saving lamps, dental amalgams, etc.

  • Introduction of mercury-free processes for the production of chlorine and plastics, coal-burning power plants and gold extraction procedures because of mercury’s detrimental impacts on human health and the environment.

Links:
The Official Homepage: Öffnet externen Link in neuem Fensterhttp://www.mercuryconvention.org/
Text of the Convention: Öffnet externen Link in neuem FensterPDF